Understanding The Difference Between Writing Scripts And Language

“The hieroglyphic writing originated in Egypt around 3,100 BC, at the birth of the First Dynasty, during the reigns of Narmer, Ka, Den, and possibly, Senedj. The hieroglyphic script was not borrowed from Mesopotamia. It was a domestic invention initiated and developed by the ancient Egyptians in their own homeland, on the banks of the Nile. From its origins, the writing system was equipped with a complete array of intellectual and technical resources: ideograms, phonograms, a writing medium, and scribal instruments.”-The’ophile Obenga African Philosophy The Pharaonic Period: 2780-330 BC.

The significance of this writing system developed in Ancient Kmt has sparked a series of debates among linguists. We have had some who refute it as the earliest writing system, others who refuse to allow Africans to be its owners stating it’s a copy of Mesopotamia, and the select few who says it’s been incorrectly deciphered many of them has never studied the writing system. 

The Hieroglyphs contains 5 different writing systems that existed from the old kingdom during three intermediate periods, late period, and a Ptolemaic era. Those writing systems are Hieroglyphic, Cursive Hieroglyphic, Hieratic, Demotic, and Coptic. During the Old and Middle Egyptian eras a total of 700 hieroglyphs existed, but after the Ptolemaic period at least 7000 different hieroglyphs now exist. “The ancestral Remetch referred to the hieroglyphic writing system as Ss mdw-nTr Sesh Medew Netcher- Inscriptions of Divine Words. It consists of pictures of the natural flora, fauna, and man made objects indigenous of the Nile Valley Corridor”- Wudjau Men-Ib Iry-Maat A Beginner’s Introduction To Medew Netcher.

There are four ways we can read the Hieroglyphs and they are: horizontal left to right or vertical left to right. The Hieroglyphs contain 24 monoliterals  25 if you count the double reed leaf as a monoliteral. Monoliterals are one letter words that also help make up what we call the Egyptian alphabet, and along with Bi-literals (2) letter and Tri-literals (3) letter consonants help make up the entire system. “Each sign used to write a given word generally serves one of the following functions: 1) Ideogram, 2) Phonogram 3) Determnatives. The signs that can perform each of the three roles, in different words of course, are relatively few.” Wudjau Men-Ib Iry-Maat A Beginner’s Introduction To Medew Netcher. Also the signs can function as Pictograms, Ideograms, Phonograms which deals with either a idea, sign, symbol or sound.

Hieratic writings are usually cursive and are always written from right to left. Demotic is a complicated script it derives from Hieratic and was used for religious text as well it can be written and read from right to left. Coptic has a Greek perspective using most of their alphabet and a few of the Egyptian alphabet as a blend to make up it’s writing system. Coptic came from the Egyptians who had recently adopted the belief system of the early AD period.

People who do not study the language or the writing system will continue to make the biggest mistake you possible can make by confusing one with the other. They are not the same and must not be treated as such. It is very important that we understand the language and the many different writing scripts which are involved with a particular time period. Language is supported by a writing script because it represents the voice and sounds expressed through communication by the way of thoughts and feelings.

“The language of ancient Egypt, in both its pharanoic and Coptic variants, is not an Indo-European language such as Hittite or Greek. Nor is it a Semetic language such as Akkaddian, Hebrew, or Arabic. Neither is it a Berber language such as Siwa Berber or Rif Berber.”- The’ophile Obenga African Philosophy The Pharaonic Period: 2780-330 BC.

In 1974 two of our best African minds entered a conference centered around the history of Africa and it’s owner of languages, history and much more. It was then the name Negro(black) Egyptian was introduced and proven to be the mother of all languages that come from under its umbrella. Two of the most organized Africans stole the show at the Unesco conference going against european minds who refuted the history of Black Africa. Comparative Linguistic studies by Dr. Diop, Dr. Obenga, Dr. Mboli, and a few other American African centered linguist have carried one another’s work an additional step throughout the years. They have all provided evidence that illustrate its historical breakthrough in parenting other African languages and it’s history. Ranykemet or Egyptian Spoken Language is not a dead language persay, Coptic is still being spoken til this day, and unlike the Hebrew language which once was a dead language the process of fully restoring it will take several years to complete. 

“When speaking of language in general, both the spoken and written forms are usually being referred, however, there are times when one or the other becomes the focus.” -Wudjau Men-Ib Iry-Maat A Beginner’s Introduction To Medew Netcher. As new languages are created different writing scripts will emerge that will support them. Since colonialism has soaked itself in grounds of the motherland a lot of what was has been lost. The root of culture is well within the confines of the language. In understanding the customs and practices of the ancestors we must first get rid of the influence of the colonizer, and restore the true meaning of a language that has been lost.

We as a people are so far removed from our native tongue and common practices we tend to not appreciate the beauty of our own language and writing script. To make false claims about translating the hieroglyphs only to turn around and tells story about the same hieroglyphs you’re saying can’t be translated is very hypocritical. With rigorous studies and applied understanding of methodology one can soon learn how to decipher the hieroglyphs with help.

References: Obenga, Théophile. African Philosophy: The Pharaonic Period 2780-330 BC. Popenguine: Per Ankh, 2004. Print.
Iry-Maat, Wudjau Men-Ib. “A Beginner’s Introduction To Medew Netcher – The Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic System Paperback – March 24, 2015.” A Beginner’s Introduction To Medew Netcher. Heka Multimedia, Mar. 2015. Web. 30 Oct. 2016. 

By:Ini-Herit Khalfani

November 7, 2016

Nashville, TN

<https://www.amazon.com/Beginners-Introduction-Medew-Netcher-Hieroglyphic/dp/0692411402&gt;.

Multimedia, By Heka. “Welcome to Mdw-nTr Community.” Mdw-nTr. Wudjau Men-Ib Iry-Maat, Jan. 2015. Web. 30 Oct. 2016. <http://www.mdw-ntr.com/membership/community&gt;.

Photos by: Wukitsch, Tom. “Unit 3: Egyptian Writing — Hieroglyphic, Hieratic, Demotic, Coptic.” Unit 3: Egyptian Writing — Hieroglyphic, Hieratic, Demotic, Coptic. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Oct. 2016. <http://www.mmdtkw.org/EGtkw0300-Unit3EgyptianWriting.html&gt;.

“ANKH: Egyptologie Et Civilisations Africaines.” ANKH: Egyptologie Et Civilisations Africaines. Ankhonl, 2006. Web. 30 Oct. 2016. <http://www.ankhonline.com/obenga_th_bibli.htm&gt;.

Deciphermentsisu Follow. “Class 05 Champollion.” Class 05 Champollion. N.p., 27 Jan. 2011. Web. 30 Oct. 2016. <http://www.slideshare.net/deciphermentsisu/class-05-champollion&gt;.

Obenga, The’ophile. “EgyptSearch Forums: FYI.” EgyptSearch Forums: FYI. Asar Imhotep, 4 Apr. 2015. Web. 30 Oct. 2016. <http://www.egyptsearch.com/forums/ultimatebb.cgi?ubb=get_topic%3Bf&gt;.

Economic Survival: Escaping Capitalism Racism and White Supremacy 

Before America was Ameria, it harvested the indigenous people who had no notion of an economy built on capitalism. What is capitalism one might ask?  According to Merriam Dictionary capitalism is,  “A way of organizing an economy so that the things that are used to make and transport products (such as land, oil, factories, ships, etc.) are owned by individual people and companies rather than by the government.” WEBSTER MARIAM. “CAPITALISM.” To understand capitalism we must understand the history. According to University of KMT press, an “Economic systems are different in history. Capitalism grew out of feudalism.” “Feudalism is a social system that existed in Europe during the Middle Ages in which people worked and fought for nobles who gave them protection and the use of land in return. WEBSTER MARIAM. “Feudal System.” Before capitalism, many people bartered which is engraved in the cultural traditions of people. The originators never valued anything outside its function or it’s need. Bartering catered to the necessity of the community meaning what one family couldn’t harvest or have access instead they traded amongst each other as it meets the needs of the entire community. What is a bartering? “According to Investment Answers, “Bartering is an exchange between two parties using goods and services for payment instead of currency.”

For centuries since being kidnapped and brought to the Americas, our ancestors have struggled to gain wealth and equality. After hundreds of years slavery and enriching the lives of others,  we continue to be shackled, and empty handed. Despite all our hard work and millions of hours of free labor,  Americas new economy “capitalism” has generated  a wealth system we have yet to become full beneficiaries.  A system that has proven catastrophic to our community as a result of economic castration preventing us from fully engaging in this economic system built by our ancestors.

According to Tdka Maat Kilimanjaro Yahra Aaneb in Bak2. “Economist say the Great Recession lasted from 2007 to 2011. In 2004, the median net worth of white households was $134,280, compared with $13,256 for black households, according to an analysis of Federal Reserve data by the Economic Policy Institute. By 2009, the median net worth for white households had fallen 24% to $97,860; the median Black net worth had fallen 83% to $2,170. In 2009, for every dollar of wealth the average white household had, Black households only had two cents.”‘

Many people believe we should compete in this capitalist society to fix our community, while others  disagree pointing to its past tracked record of  addressing the problems of  black social injustuce, racism, and white supremacy. However, Dr. Claude Anderson seems to accept certain aspects of the economy system, stating capitalism creates job. Dr. Anderson pointed out in his book that job creation was the first step in political empowerment. He encouraged us not to depend on the government for support and maintained that we have always been the losers of captlism a system built on inequality . “as 2nd class citizens for 500 yrs we got absolutely nothing, soon we will be 3rd class citizens, and in the future, we’ll be 4th class citizens. If we didn’t get anything as 2nd class citizens what make you think we will get something as 4th class citizens”. He encouraged us to create jobs, business and take social responsibility by creating programs that foster growth and community development. Dr. Anderson believed at the core of our success is the development of an independent economic structure, a code of conduct economically, and group economics. He also encouraged block voting, which he maintained took discipline and accountability.

Like Dr. Anderson, Dr. Amos Wilson took a similar approach. He Also believed Africans must maintain integrity economically, while understanding survival was the key to our growth and development. He suggested that short-term solutions and long-term initiatives could liberate us from the economic stronghold of capitalism. He stressed the European could not help us solve our problems.  “We create jobs, but we are not in a position to own that job that we created.” Tdka Maat Kilimanjaro of University of KMT press echoed these same beliefs in a similar way but placed emphasis on overthrowing the system using group economics stating we must “take advantage of All our resources.” All three scholars agreed that we should  pull our resources and then  develop a plan based on cooperative economics.

As  Africans living in American, we have to come to grip with our position and realize this was the hand we were dealt. We were kidnapped, and deprived of our culture, language, spiritual system, and identity. Therefore,  we must come together collectively to gain economic ground by setting an economic agenda. I read a study that stated we are 300 years behind in wealth compared to the majority. Take a look around at the wealth disparities in this country, predatory lending, and a look at all the new millionaires, all which that look like them.  Our leadership has failed. Our community lacks the same education opportunities faced with very few options other than Section 8, welfare, and minimum-wage jobs as a means of survival.

The states are high, and we must look critically and how we addressed these problems and ask how can we design an economy built for us, what would it take, what would it look like, how could it benefit everyone, what would keep the economy afloat?  All of these questions have to be answered, evaluated, and solutions must be designed based scientific methods  that focus on economic survival that are deeply engraved in the fabric of American culture. Once we can answer these questions and devise a plan,  we can then design a economy based on meeting the needs of our community. “We need a social/economic system that allows every person to have equal food, clothing, shelter, technical applied education. Second, we need the extraction and modernization of the very best of African culture–minus anything myths/mysticism forced on us by invaders.  Self respect, self-value, and self-reliance is the foundation of happiness. Justice is the basis of equality and freedom.”- Tdka Kilimanjaro Ife Kilimanjaro Bak2.

If we want to have our own “Pie”, we must create the best bakers on the planet. We must be willing to inherit the ideas of a Claude Anderson, mixed with Amos Wilson Black Power approach, and incorporate them with Tdka Kilimanjaro using nothing less than our best, brightest and wisest minds. This will take sacrifice among like-minded individuals who can incorporate and see things from beginning to the end. We have very little time, no time for finger-pointing or blame, and we must be willing to dedicate our lives to the liberation from the horrors of  500 years of systemic racism in America.

We didn’t come to America looking to build our families or looking to create financial freedom. Instead, we came naked, bruised and confused on boats full of urine, blood, mucus, disease, and death.  One by one, trip after trip we were captured against our will and thrust into an unfamiliar place to bend over backward to our death for the greater good of someone else’s dream. In return, we got absolutely nothing, not one red cent, not a pot to piss in or a window to throw it out of!

Everything we got we earned under very strict and harsh circumstances which we made the ultimate sacrifice to protect our women, men, and children from the oppressor. Capitalism was built on these sacrifices with the purpose of destroying our will to live. How dare we fix our problems,  how dare we accept this path for our children, and how dare we fight this economic bully that has created social, economic, and spiritual decay in our community?

We have to work hard and study the past to advance the future. But we must not only study, but we must also test our solutions, critique the flaws, and repeat the process to ensure our success. Then improve our existence by fostering relationships between like-minded individuals who are committed to advancing our sociopolitical position in society that was created to ensure we remained death, blind, and ignorant to the reality. In order to restore what was lost we must empower our people using strategies based on sound economic principles employed  when we were in the land of our ancestors.

Written

Shawn Phillips

Voices  of Fire

References: Tdka Kilimanjaro Bak2, Claude Anderson Powernomics book and lectures, Amos Wilson The Blue Print to Black Power lecture and book. Video references: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CCQ9gh8EcY8  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4m4lY5IQZgQ

Photo Credit:  American Dream  Cartoons, Ashley Bradford

Editor: Nyah Amara

Highly recommend all three books